160 Years Ago the 9/11 of the Civil War Occurred in Alex., VA - Pt. 3

Ken Lopez
Posted by Ken Lopez on May 28, 2021 3:38:32 PM

This article builds on part one and part two of this Marshall House series. Those parts do a good job of explaining the story. If you want to revisit the backstory beyond those previous articles, I will refer you to this Wikipedia article. Here, I want to explain the aftermath of the incident because it's in the aftermath where you can discern the event's significance.

When Ellsworth was murdered, it set off a national firestorm that went all the way to the White House. Ellsworth was one of Lincoln's close friends and mentees. Ellsworth had trained in Lincoln's law office and came to Washington, D.C. for Lincoln's inauguration. James Jackson's killing in response set off a similar reaction in the south, but it was far less propagandized.

Each of the items below is in the OurHistoryMuseum collection. Let's begin with the sheet music from Ellsworth's funeral march. Interestingly, it is dedicated to Francis E. Brownell, the Private who won the Medal of Honor for killing James Jackson immediately after Jackson killed Ellsworth. I'm not sure if this music was hastily composed for Ellsworth lying in state in either the White House or the New York governor's mansion or some other purpose. I think it's interesting that they got the middle initial wrong for Private Brownell below.

Free Blog Subscription Here

EllsworthFuneral-cvr

EllsworthFuneral-p2

EllsworthFuneral-p1

 

Next is an unused postcard depicting Marshall House at the time of the incident. It sat at King and Pitt streets.

MarshallHousePC-frt

 

Here is a stereoscope image of Marshall House.

MarshallHouseScope-frt

MarshallHouseScope-bk

 

This was front-page news nationwide. Here was page one of the New York Tribune.

CIMG1667

 

"Remember Ellsworth" became a rallying cry for the northern troops. Here's a patriotic envelope.

rememberEllsworthFRONT

 

This fellow looks like Ellsworth, but I'm not sure if it is or not.

CivWarEnvelope

 

Here's another postcard of Marshall House.

201--Marshall-House-front

201-Marshall-House-back

 

Here's another Ellsworth envelope.

202--Envelope-front

And another...

Envelope

 

Marshall House is still being commemorated 50 years later in 1903.

PostcardFront-2

PostcardReverse-1

Another 20th-century postcard.

IMG_2885

 

An arsonist burned the Marshall House in 1873, and it was largely rebuilt. The rebuilt structure was torn down about 1950 in what was likely the most significant loss of a historic structure ever in Alexandria.

FullSizeRender-1-1

 

A Matthew Brady photograph that all of the illustrations above are based on.

FullSizeRender-3

 

Here's a photo of Ellsworth's uniform NOT in the OurHistoryMuseum collection. Here is a link to a textile conservator's blog discussing the conservation of the uniform.

art1302197799-coat

 

Return to part one and part two.

Topics: Civil War, Alexandria, Virginia, Colonel Elmer Ellsworth, King Street, James Jackson, Private Francis Brownell, Abraham Lincoln, Pitt Street

Leave Comment

About OHM

OurHistoryMuseum is a crowdsourced and virtual history museum that anyone can contribute to. We are prototyping with our hometown first — Alexandria, Virginia. The app will be available nationally in summer 2021. In the meantime, sign up for our blog or follow OHM on social media (both below) to keep updated.

Free Subscription to This Blog

Enter your email.
One-click unsubscribe anytime.

Recent Articles

Most Popular Articles

Post By Topic

See all